Melons are grown on the ground where the rind can come into contact with animal waste used as fertilizer. Wash the whole cantaloupe before eating it. When melons are cut, the knife may transfer bacteria to the inside of the fruit.
Photo from iCLIPART
Now that summer has arrived, Oregonians are likely to do a lot more outdoor cooking and eating. The potential for food-borne illness increases in July and August. Proper food handling and preparation is never more important as families flock to picnics, barbecues, and campouts. The Oregon Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety Program is offering seasonal advice on how to enjoy a problem-free summer of eating.
“The number of food-borne illness outbreaks typically goes up in the summer because people are cooking outside, eating outside, and changing their habits a bit,” says ODA Food Safety Specialist Susan Kendrick.
Most of the same rules for food handling, preparation, and storage apply for both outdoors and indoors.
Outbreaks of E. coli and salmonella in raw produce in recent years should not deter people from enjoying fresh fruits and vegetables this summer.
“We’d like to emphasize that you wash the produce when you get it home,” says Kendrick. “Even if it’s a cantaloupe — you aren’t going to eat the exterior rind but you are going to slice into it. So it’s still a great idea to wash the whole cantaloupe before eating it.”
Melons are grown on the ground where the rind can come into contact with animal waste used as fertilizer. When melons are cut, the knife may transfer bacteria to the inside of the fruit.
The cook needs to be certain that raw meat is thoroughly cooked.
“It’s a good idea to thaw a product like hamburger in the refrigerator prior to cooking,” says Kendrick. “You want to make sure you don’t have a pocket inside the hamburger that is still frozen and may take longer to cook. The entire burger needs to be cooked evenly and thoroughly.”
Ideally, a thermometer should be used to make sure the proper cooking temperature of the meat on the grill is reached. But that isn’t always practical. At the very least, cutting into the meat, or close to the bone in the case of chicken, will ensure there isn’t any pink inside. Cooking temperatures should reach at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit.
Any time raw meat and fresh produce are both part of a meal preparation, cross-contamination is always a possibility. When handling any raw meat product — either taking it to a barbecue or another preparation area — make sure any tongs, spatulas, scoops, and the platter carrying the meat are all exchanged with a fresh, clean utensil or platter to carry the cooked product back to the table. Cutting boards used in food preparation are also a potential source of problems. Using the same board to cut up chicken and then to chop salad ingredients should be avoided. The raw products have organisms that could produce illness if spread to ready-to-eat products. Of course, a good cleaning and sanitizing of the cutting board after chopping up raw meat products will minimize the risk.
Handwashing is not as practical in the summer, but it is just as critical as other times of the year.
Food needs to be kept out of the temperature danger zone — which is 40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit — for as long as possible. Bacteria begins to grow rapidly as the temperature warms up. Foods that need to be cooked should stay refrigerated or be prepared as soon as possible.
Most summer food safety recommendations are just common sense. As long as people are careful about how food is handled, prepared, and stored, campouts, picnics, and barbecues can be fun, safe, and delicious.
Visit ODA’s Food Safety web page at http://go.usa.gov/3dpC3.