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Trade agenda needs backing of Congress

February 04, 2014

In his State of the Union message, President Obama spoke only briefly on something that could determine the defining legacy of his second term. He asked Congress for authority to negotiate free-trade deals and allow lawmakers to vote only “yea” or “nay” on a negotiated treaty.

Under such authority, known as “fast track,” Obama could sew up two trade deals now in the works, one with the European Union and the other with 11 Pacific Rim nations. If both pass, the final deals would bring an explosion of trade for the United States with nations that constitute nearly half of the world’s economy.

Without the two deals, the U.S. could be left out in the cold as other nations rush to complete their own, enabling them to boost innovation, lower prices, create jobs and foster peaceful ties.

Presidents since Nixon have been granted such authority in order to do the kind of horse-trading needed to complete today’s complex trade pacts. Other countries simply won’t negotiate with 535 members of Congress over every item. The presidential authority lapsed in 2007, but a bill introduced this month in the House and Senate would bring it back. Obama’s nod to it in his speech should help it pass — that is, if Congress wants the U.S. to remain the global leader on free trade.

America’s openness to the world — its people, goods, and ideas — remains one of its strengths. The pace of opening markets, and reciprocity in trade with other countries, are important and often difficult. But ever since the US stalled its economy with the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act in 1930, it has sought more trade, not less.

The talks with the EU and Asian nations are at a crucial stage. If Obama can get fast-track authority now, deals would be done by year’s end. Such an achievement could be Obama’s most bipartisan success of his eight years in office. More than that, it would mean greater prosperity for the world.

—Christian Science Monitor

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